This book describes how, having smashed one of the two main Catholic armies, he faced the other at Lützen near Leipzig in November Further archaeological research confirmed that the dead had been soldiers from the Battle of Lützen (). The mass grave was block-lifted. The Battle of Lutzen occurred on November 16, during the Thirty Years’ War and resulted in a Swedish victory though gifted leader King.

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Rines, George Edwin, ed. His partly stripped body [4] was found an hour or two later, and was secretly evacuated from the field in a Swedish outzen wagon.

Battle of Lützen (1632)

Seeing the danger, he dispatched a note to General Pappenheim ordering him to return as quickly as possible with his army corps. The Habsburg Emperor did not approve of this decision, however indirect pressure on the Swedish king was successful. This would have serious consequences later. In the ensuing skirmish, Gustav Adolf was shot and killed. An examination of 17th century military material culture Thesis.

Battle of Lützen | European history [] |

His disappearance stopped the initiative of the hitherto successful Swedish luyzen wing, while a search was conducted. After a while, Pappenheim arrived with 2,—3, cavalry and halted the Swedish assault.

Please try again later. Together, the Swedish forces numbered about 18, the imperial forces without Pappenheim were 12, soldiers plus 5, from Pappenheim.

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The embalmed body was dressed in a beautiful gold and silver woven dress and brought in solemn procession to the port town Wolgast. The corpse was kept there for several months.

The Swedish army achieved the main goals of its campaign. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. Views Read Edit View history. Holy Roman Empire Catholic League.

The Batle of Lutzent in Thirty Years’ War | About History

Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. The attack continued without him, and with Gustavus Adolf, only seven or eight remained. Internet URLs are the best. There was a problem with lutzrn submission.

Morning mist robbed Gustavus of the advantage of surprise and putzen Wallenstein time to reunite his forces. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. A Global Chronology of Conflict: Wallenstein expected to force the elector of Saxony to renounce the alliance with Sweden. Protecting the King’s body was a buff coat made of moose hide – the old musket wound on his shoulder blade making it impossible for him to wear the pistol-proof plate cuirass normally worn by important officers at that time.

This page was last edited on 27 Decemberat On the morning of November 16, the Swedes began to move from Rippach in the direction of the imperial troops. However, Wallenstein refused to continue the luttzen. Two days before the battle, on 14 November in the Gregorian calendar, 4th in the Julian calendar the Roman Catholic general Albrecht von Wallenstein decided to split his men and withdraw his main headquarters back towards Leipzig.


At the same time, Pappenheim’s counterattack collapsed. Part of the Thirty Years’ War.

Faced with imperial infantry, the Blue Brigade was attacked by cavalry on both flanks. When the Swedish king was killed, however, Bernhard assumed command of his army, retrieved the situation along the line, and captured the entire imperial artillery. Banners from all counties and principalities, the blood banner and the head banner were carried. Swedish Empire Protestant German States. Its saddle of gold embroidered red velvet was a gift from the King’s wife, Maria Eleonora.

Not until the summer it was time for the departure to Sweden. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article.

The encounter resulted in an important tactical victory for Sweden but at great cost: The Royal Armoury in the cellar vaults of the Royal Palace.