Biographies of the 4 Rightly guided Khalifahs. 1. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr As- Siddeeq. 2. Sayyiduna ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab 3. Sayyiduna Uthman Ibn Affan 4. I assume you know what sahaba means — companions of rasulullah. The Khulafa Ar-Rashideen are four specific companions of rasulullah. Fantastic Four – Remembering The Khulafa e Rashideen. 07 October , By: Sayed Ridhwaan Mohamed CTIEC – Cape Town Islamic Educational.

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Dhimmis were allowed to “practice their religion, and to enjoy a measure of communal autonomy” and were guaranteed their personal safety and security of property, but only in return for paying tax and acknowledging Muslim rule.

Judges were appointed in sufficient number, and there was no district which did not have a Qadi. Ash’ari Maturidi Traditionalist Others: This article has multiple issues. Reflections on the Rashidsen for Authenticity in the Middle East. Uthman was born into the Umayyad clan of Meccaa powerful family of the Quraysh tribe. Hewer; Allan Anderson There were also a number of cases where caliphs had to appear before judges as they prepared to take their verdict.

They also possessed spears and daggers. I cannot locate this hadith presently; there are several supporting ahadith in Abu Dawud’s collection, including this one emphasis mine: Islam Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled.

This argument is advanced by Sunni Muslims that Muhammad’s companion Abu Bakr was elected by the community, and this was the proper procedure. By the s, the caliphate in addition to the Arabian Peninsula had subjugated the Levantto the Transcaucasus in the north; North Africa from Egypt to present-day Tunisia in the west; and the Iranian plateau to parts of Central Asia and South Asia in the west.

Retrieved from rasshideen https: Sunnis have long viewed the period of the Rashidun as exemplary and a system of governance—based upon Islamic righteousness and merit—they seek to emulate. Khalid ibn Walid was the first general of the Rashidun Caliphate to conquer foreign lands and to trigger the wholesale deposition of the two most powerful empires.


Arab Renaissance House — Beirut, Lebanon. Abu Ubaidah then moved against Aleppo. Your faith was stronger than any other person’s, as was the degree to which you feared Allah. A Companion to Moral Anthropology reprint ed.

Despite the initial reservations of his advisers, Abu Bakr recognised the military and political prowess in Umar and desired him to succeed as caliph.

The military was brought directly under state control and into its pay. I cannot locate this hadith presently; there are several supporting ahadith in Abu Dawud’s collection, including this one emphasis mine:.

It was the first major pitched battle between the Muslim army and the Christian Byzantine army and cleared the way for the Muslims to capture central Syria. Eastern Dynasties Emirate of Armenia. Also known as Dhun-Nurayn Possessor of Two Lights because he married two Muhammad’s daughters Assassinated at the end of a raashideen upon his house [42] [43].

Abu Bakr began with Iraqthe richest province of the Sasanian Empire. Markets were established at convenient points, which were under the control of market officers who was supposed to check the affairs of market and quality of goods. In times of hardship, you were truly a good and noble Companion of his. If there was an unusual increase in the possessions of the office holder, he was immediately called to account, and the unlawful property was confiscated by the State.

What is difference between Khulfa-e-rashideen and Sahaba? – Islam Stack Exchange

The five times larger Byzantine army was defeated in October CE. Retrieved 16 July Also of note, one of the praiseworthy names of the righteous khalifah ‘Umar ibn Abdil Azeez, the grandson of ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattab, is “the fifth righteous khalifah. Shahada Salah Sawm Zakat Hajj. Succeeded by Hasanthen Muawiyah I — Troubles emerged soon after Muhammad’s death, threatening the unity and stability of the new rashidsen and state.


Instead, he allowed subject populations to retain their religion, language and customs, and he left their government relatively untouched, imposing only a governor amir and a financial officer called an amil. Sometimes, in particular when there were not enough qualified Muslims, dhimmis were given important positions in the government.

Rashidun Caliphate – Wikipedia

The Majlis al-Shura advise the caliph. Khalid went to Daumat-ul-jandal and defeated the rebels in the Battle of Daumat-ul-jandal in the last week of August The battle lasted 6 days during which Abu Ubaida transferred the command of the entire army to Khalid. After the Battle of Sufetula the people of North Africa sued for peace.

Al-Ghazali believed that oppression by a caliph is enough for impeachment. On the other hand, Usama ibn Zaid got The Succession to Muhammad: Bait-ul-Maal literally, The house of money was the department that dealt with the revenues and all other economic matters of the state.

Your answer needs some elaboration and references kkhulafa support your claim please consider reading islam.

Umar was then able to transfer forces to the east and resume the offensive against the Sasanians. As all money was distributed immediately the treasury generally remained locked up. The Byzantine army was defeated decisively on 30 July in the Battle of Ajnadayn.

Rashidun Caliphate

rashiden Many noted that this option is only exercised after factoring in the potential cost of life. Umar is also remembered for establishing the Islamic calendar; it is lunar like the Arabian calendar, but the origin is set inthe year of the Hijra when Muhammad emigrated to Medina.

This corps was used to fight the most powerful of the rebel forces. Prophet’s pbuh Death – Dr. Special stables were provided for cavalry.