Download Citation on ResearchGate | DIALEKTIKA PENDIDIKAN ETIKA DALAM ISLAM (Analisis Pemikiran Ibnu Maskawaih) | p> Bahasa. View the profiles of people named Ibnu Maskawaih. Join Facebook to connect with Ibnu Maskawaih and others you may know. Facebook gives people the. Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ya`qub, surnamed Miskawaih, is also called Abu ‘Ali al-Khazin. It is yet undecided whether he was himself Miskawaih or the son of.

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History of Philosophy in Islam: IV. The Neo-Platonic Aristotelians of the East: 3. Ibn Maskawaih

It should be pointed out that when Miskawayh set out to talk of the training of young boys, he only approached this subject as his serious intellectual concern with the final end to which the human being is heading, or should be heading; and his moral philosophy, as a whole, brings the human being to reach supreme happiness; for there is no paradise nor fire, no reward nor punishment, since he distinguishes between philosophy and religion.

In this change from one form to another, where do the preceding forms go?

Dar Al-Kutub Anwar, S. For if the reader knows moral happiness, and is influenced by the contents of the book, all his actions will be fine, according to his inu. Miskawaih engaged himself too much in the study of alchemy, together with Abu al-Tayyib al-Razi, the alchemist.

The evolution of vegetation culminates with a tree which bears the qualities of an animal. The IbnMiskwaih writing has laid the verbal and nonverbal communication, intra-personal communication, interpersonal communication, group communication and also mass communication. He should not only be maskaaih but also critical in collecting his data.

We find this treatise attributed to Aristotle nowhere else. IqbalLahore, n. The date-palm is therefore considered the highest maskawwaih the trees and resembles the lowest among animals. Within this framework Miskawayh’s discussion of the training of young men and boys is placed, and within this framework also his viewpoint must be understood and read, in what concerns the choice of this age-group rather than another to talk about, and to present some opinions and viewpoints on the matter of their training.


The first is too high to be attained by mortal beings, and is reserved only for a few.

What comes under these headings is in the Epistle of Policy, a precise summary of what is in Bryson’sbook already mentioned [62].

If you die by will, you live by nature. In Miskawayh’s view, the educator is meant to make the boy despise the idea of food, and should reduce its amount and its variety; so he should restrict himself to one kind when he is eating, and should sometimes eat dry bread on its own. Now the Good is either a general good or a particular good. So far Miskawaih has been Platonic, but from page 29 onward he begins to be Aristotelian, and takes virtue as a mean between two vices.

In supporting some ideas which he expounds, he very often quotes the Qur’an, traditions ahadith of the Prophet, sayings of Ibn Abi Talib and al-Hasan al-Basri, besides Arabic poetry. Thus, the practical aim attached to this earthly life, and resulting from the refinement of character, is bringing about the human being’s adaptation to those around him: This being so, it is easy to refer the idea back to its original source, since Aristotle presented it in his book the Nicomachean Ethics [14].

It seems that he depends entirely on the commentary of Porphyry on Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethicswhich was translated into Arabic by Ishaq ibn Hunain, in twelve books. The former is condemnable, the latter praiseworthy. Just as he was influenced by the Greek philosophers, so he was by his predecessors and contemporaries among the Muslim philosophers and scholars.

Chapter 24: Miskawaih

In this maqala, Miskawayh does not distinguish between evil and illness; and the psychological evils or illnesses he maskkawaih are: As a result of human beings living together with kbnu, and being in contact with them, their experience is enriched and virtues are rooted in their soul by way of putting these virtues into practice. It does not wither if all its branches are chopped but it dies when the head is cut off.


The essential part of Miskawaih’s ethics begins from the third chapter pp. Three important books of his on ethics have come down to us: This can be attested by reference to the Qur’anic words, for instance: Harbi al-Himyari Ja’far al-Sadiq. Human faculties are three; the highest is reason, the lowest is appetite, and between the two lies courage.

He divides up man’s policy for his needs or management of his affair into five sections: By the harmony of these three virtues, we have a fourth one, namely, justice. Moral philosophy is so connected with psychology that Miskawaih begins his big treatise on ethics Tahdhib al-Akhlaqby stating his doctrine of the soul.

It is established now that his name is actually Miskawayh, yet we find a number of his works, especially those not edited, but in fact attributed to him, where the name on the cover is Maskawwaih Miskawayh. For he distinguishes between reason and faith, or between philosophy and religion, since the supreme happiness is a human happiness, one which is neither imposed on man nor withheld from him by anything outside the scope of his will, and issuing from an intellect greater and stronger than his [19].

It was in this century that Abu ‘Ali Ahmad b. The prophet, in the end, completes the circle maskawai Being by imbibing the celestial soul within him.

Maskaeaih hermit, who thinks he is living temperately and righteously, is deceived as to the character of his actions: