Cavitation in Chutes and Spillways. Front Cover. Henry T. Falvey. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, – Cavitation – pages. of cavitation and the design tools necessary to eliminate or reduce the damaging effects of cavitation in chutes and spillways. The monograph discusses basic. The course is intended to give the participants an understanding of cavitation on chutes and spillways. The course will be introduced with a video of a case study.

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In another case, calculations suggest that two aerators instead of three would have protected the entire spillway length from cavitation damage and at a cheaper cost. The required surface tolerance to prevent damage with and without aeration. In fact the total quantity of air entrained above an aerator is related to the interfacial aeration at both upper and lower nappes, rather the air supply.

These results are important and they suggest the acvitation design recommendations: In the Library Request this item to view in the Library’s reading rooms using your library card. How do I find a book? The ramp and the offset tend to deflect the spillway flow away from the chute surface.

More about Minimum Energy Loss weirs A clear understanding of the difference between cavitation iin cavitation damage. Water in a Changing World ” Valentine et al. Can I view this online?


Collection delivery service resumes on Wednesday 2 January More about Minimum Energy Loss culverts. In presence of gas content, flows may cavitate at higher static pressures and substantial quantities of air produce a large reduction in damage rate.

Cavitation in chutes and spillways [1990]

The optimum location of the first aerator and the required aerator spacing depend essentially upon the free-surface aeration potential. Aerators are designed to deflect high velocity flow away from the chute surface Figure 4.

Request this item to view in the Library’s reading rooms using your library card. We will contact you if necessary.

Prevention of Cavitation on Chutes and Spillways

Practical considerations The designers of aeration devices must: In one instance i. A clear understanding of cavitation and how it is formed. Cavity collapses generate extremely high pressures in their immediate vicinity. More about engineering failures New search User spillway Site feedback Ask a librarian Help.

The practice to design a large number of air inlets is completely empirical and un-economical. To learn more about how to request items watch this short online video. B On small-slope chutes, the first aerator must be located immediately upstream of the potential cavitation inception location in absence of aerators. Cbutes might also be interested in.

The waters taking off from the deflector behave as a free jet with a large amount of interfacial aeration.

“Cavitation in Chutes and Spillways” by H T. Falvey

Cite this Email this Add to favourites Print this page. From 25 December to 1 Januarythe Library’s Reading Rooms will be closed and no collection requests will be filled.


In the downstream flow region the air content chutss to the uniform equilibrium air concentration for the channel slope see Self-aeration studies. All the spillway length downstream of the first aerator is protected from cavitation damage and no additional aerator is required as long as the channel slope is larger than 20 degrees.

You must be logged in to Tag Records. More about timber crib weirs A For steep spillways, the first aeration device must be located near the upstream end of the channel to ‘trigger’ the free-surface aeration process and to use self-aeration in the downstream flow region to maximise air entrainment.

Altogether these considerations may chites more important when designing an aeration device than the maximisation of the quantity of air supplied by the air ducts. Useful Water Harvesting Systems or Relics? After formation, cavitation bubbles may be carried away into regions of higher local pressures, before disappearing by collapse.

Cavitation in Chutes and Spillways – Henry T. Falvey – Google Books

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