In an evaporator handling an aqueous salt solution, the overall coefficient U (kW/ m2 deg K) is .. these. Figure shows the flow and plate arrangement of an APV falling-film plate .. MINTON, P. E.: Handbook of Evaporation Technology. This Handbook describes the many types of evaporators and operating options manufacturing capabilities of companies within the APV Group. oncentration. This handbook describes the paraflow and its operating principle, The paraflow is the original plate type heat exchanger designed by APV to provide.

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This would make selection of a fluid bed dryer completely unrealistic and probably would suggest a conventional rotary dryer for the application.

This will ruin the cyclone collection efficiency and quickly cause a cyclone blockage. The air velocity across the face of the coil is important. S-line, 1 3 in. R2R, Fristam centrifugal pump, model: As a rule of thumb, the limiting viscosity for good atomization is — Centipoise. Dyes, bulk handling, Kaolin — still free flowing Granular: Overwetting will lead to poor product quality, while underwetted powder will produce fragile agglomerates and an excessive amount of fines.

With spray dryers and rotary dryers, the mass airflow can be varied, facilitating modulation of the dryer when operated at lower throughputs. FNPT fittings, 1 3 in. Besides that, small liquid content in the tube can minimize the foaming problem.

The operating characteristics are specifically manipulated to fit the application criteria. It was designed to run tomato paste and will run most other types of high value fruit and vegetable purees. It also should be remembered that standard fan arrangements are not equally suitable for a variety of materials of different densities. Addition of binder media, i. The feed preheater is a heat exchanger evaprator Incolloy plates.

Climbing and Falling Film Plate Evaporator

If the feed preparation involves high shear mixing, this can entrain air in the form of tiny bubbles into the liquid. This will retain the same relative humidity in the outlet air and hence, the same powder moisture.


As a general rule, use a thinner swirl chamber to get a wider spray or a thicker swirl chamber for a narrower angle or longer spray. It is not unusual to see products characterized only on their wettability and sinkability. The liquid must undergo superheated temperature, which exceeds the original boiling point of the liquid handvook a large degree, forcing rapid evaporation. The scaling highly reduces the heat transfer, which make the multi effect evaporator to consume more amount of steam.

Once the agglomerate structure is created, the added moisture is dried off and the powder cooled below its thermoplastic point. Other operations such as product classification can also be carried out where required.

A good degree of temperature control can be achieved in fluid bed dryers and the residence time of the material can be varied either by the adjustment of the discharge weir or by the use of multi-stage units. The correct choice depends on the properties of the feed material and the desired characteristics of the final product.

Common applications include but are not limited to organic acids, herbicides, food mixes, starches, and wheat and soybean concentrates. Estimated product volume within a single heat exchanger is The nature of the chamber geometry selected is strictly related to the system of atomization used.

It can run other products requiring SS contact surfaces. Condensate receiver- 40 gal. FPT, 1 5 in. This technique is most beneficial when product properties restrict the gas air inlet temperatures, requiring large volumes of gas air. This may be reflected in the design and manufacturing costs of the dryer. This system can concentrate sugar solutions to over 85 Brix. This novel design approach shows that the steam economy can be enhanced in the large scale sugar industries of Ethiopia.

The process expands until to the last effect when the final desired concentration is achieved. When the spray dried product is soluble in water, the deposits can be measured very accurately by using the CIP system. If not, repeat previous steps with different assumption of steam flow into the first effect. Finally, the optimum product concentration is achieved in the first effect. Therefore, it is necessary to accurately determine the minimum fluidizing velocity for each product.


When extruded, however, the same material being dried under identical conditions gave a mean evaporative rate of 3. The agglomerated product is then removed from the bottom of the drying chamber, cooled and packaged.

Although previously described as an advantage, there is also a down side to the high circulation flow. Poor atomization can also be indicated by a narrow ring around the dryer wall level with the atomizer wheel, or by speckled deposits on the lower walls and cone of a nozzle spray dryer. For a coarser particle, use a lower wheel speed.

National Institute of Technology. Products that are dried range from organic pigments to proteins, as well as minerals to dairy products.

Along with tomato products, these systems are also used with some fruit applications. The principle sources of thermal energy are oil, gas and coal.

APV Dryer Handbook

Vapor in Tube Condenser. If any parts of the inside surface of the dryer are at a temperature below the dew point, there will be a localized condensation at those points. The continuous hwndbook of operation also lends itself to large outputs and with the correct application of control equipment, to low labor costs. These enjoy the advantage of obtaining elevated temperatures without the need for evapkrator pressure operation, as may be required with conventional steam heating. For finer particles, use a higher nozzle pressure.